The ninth month in the Islamic calendar, and the month of fasting for Muslims.
The blessed month of Ramadan is here.
Commemorated by Muslims all over the world, Ramadan is a time of reflection, contemplation and celebration.
Ramadan is observed by Muslims as a month of fasting and takes place from mid-May to mid-June, although the exact dates depend on the sighting of the moon.
Muslim-Ibn-Habaj, Abul-Hussain. “Sahih Muslim – Book 006 (The Book of Fasting), Hadith 2391”. hadithcollection.com. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
Here’s everything you need to know about Ramadan 2019:
When did Ramadan start?
As the Islamic calendar is based around the lunar cycle, Ramadan rotates by approximately ten days each year.
This year Ramadan began on the evening of Sunday 5 May and ends on Tuesday 4 June.
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is held during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is a time for spiritual reflection, acts of charity and spending time with loved ones.
It is also a month when Muslims fast. This means they don’t eat or drink between sunrise and sunset, which is important during Ramadan as it allows them to devote themselves further to their faith, ultimately becoming closer to Allah.
The reason why Muslims fast is because it is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, the other pillars being faith, prayer, charity and making the pilgrimage to Mecca – the Holy City.
Before sunrise, they will have a meal (suhoor) and another meal (iftar) after sunset. The only people that do not have to fast during Ramadan are children, the elderly, pregnant women and those who are travelling or who are ill.
When is Eid al Fitr 2019?
Eid al-Fitr is a festival and celebration that marks the end of Ramadan. This year, it is set to begin at the first sight of the new moon on 4 June.
What are the prayer times for Ramadan this year?
Here are all the prayer times for Ramadan 2019, with the timetable courtesy of the East London Mosque:
Muhammad’s revelation was an event described in Islam as taking place in 610 AD, during which the Islamic prophet, Muhammad was visited by the archangel Jibrīl, known as Gabriel in English, who revealed to him the beginnings of what would later become the Quran. The event took place in a cave called Hira, located on the mountain Jabal an-Nour, near Mecca. As for the exact date of this event, it has been calculated to be on Friday, the 17th of Ramadan at night, i.e. August 6, 610 C.E. – when the Prophet was 40 lunar years, 6 months and 12 days of age, i.e. 39 Gregorian calendar years, 3 months and 22 days.
while on retreat in a mountain cave near Mecca (the cave of Hira), Gabriel appears before him and commands him to recite the first lines of chapter 96 of the Quran. Muhammad’s experience is mentioned in Surah 53:4–9:
“It is no less than inspiration sent down to him:
He was taught by one Mighty in Power,
Endued with Wisdom: for he appeared (in stately form);
While he was in the highest part of the horizon:
Then he approached and came closer,
And was at a distance of but two bow-lengths or (even) nearer;”